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Sagittarius Constellation

Sagittarius Constellation

Sagittarius Constellation
Sagittarius is one of the prominent constellations of the zodiac family in the Southern Hemisphere. From the west direction, the Sagittarius Constellation lies in the middle of Scorpius Ophiuchus, and in the east direction, it is noticed in the middle of Capricornus Microscopium.
The Archer's celestial figure in the Southern sky at night represents the Sagittarius Constellation. Like other zodiac constellations, in the 2nd Century, well-known astronomer - Ptolemy discovered the existence of Sagittarius Constellation in the night sky.
In the Southern night sky, the Sagittarius Constellation is surrounded by several neighboring prominent constellations such as - Aquila, Australis, Indus, Scutum, Scorpius, Capricornus, Serpens Cauda, and Telescopium. 

Significant Facts About Sagittarius Constellation:
Mythological Connection:
Greek Mythology represents the Sagittarius Constellation as a Centaur with specific body patterns such as half horse and half human. According to the ancient facts, the son of Cronus & Philyra - Centaur Chiron is provoked to transform himself into a horse as he could escape his wife, Rhea. Another mythological source claims that Centaur Chiron is located in the Sagittarius Constellation to guide Argonauts in hunting for Golden Fleece.
Deep Sky Objects:
Arches Cluster:
One of the dense star clusters in the Sagittarius Constellation is the Arches Cluster. From our planet, the Arches Cluster lies almost 25,000 light-years away. In 1995, an Arches Cluster was discovered with all the significant characteristics of an open cluster. 2.5 million years Arches Cluster accommodates hot, massive, young 135 stars. Due to being surrounded by a black dust-based cloud, Arches Cluster, astronomers need to observe this open cluster with infrared x-ray equipment.
Quintuplet Cluster:
4.8 million years old Quintuplet Cluster lies 26,000 light years away from the Earth and 100 light years away from the rotational Galactic Center. Like its neighbor open star cluster - the Arches Cluster, the Quintuplet Cluster is surrounded by clouds. So, astronomers depend on the radio, infrared, and X-ray equipment to observe Quintuplet Cluster as one of the dense prominent open star clusters - Quintuplet Cluster accommodates five luminous stars, which are labeled as Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, and Q9.
Messier 8 (The Lagoon Nebula)
In the Sagittarius Constellation, The Lagoon Nebula is a star-forming giant cloud that appears with a visual magnitude range of -6. The celestial pattern of the Lagoon Nebula looks like a dark Lagoon surrounded by a sparkling island. The dynamic combination of hydrogen gas and bright stars turns the Lagoon Nebula into an attractive celestial figure. In 1654, a well-known astronomer in Italy, Giovanni Battista, discovered the Lagoon Nebula, which is also known as Messier 8. The massive interstellar nursery Lagoon Nebula is quite a colorful, deep-sky object. Each tone of color in Lagoon Nebula represents the emission of individual gas. Red tone for Sulfer, Blue tone for Oxygen, Green for Hydrogen.
Messier 24 (Saggittarius Star Cloud)
Messier 24 is also known as Delle Caustiche or Small Sagittarius Star Cloud. In 1764, Charles Messier declared the existence of Messier 24 in the Sagittarius Constellation. Unlike other Star Cluster, Bright Galaxies, and Nebula, Messier 24 is a celestial gap with collections of dense bright stars. Messier 24 lies approximately 100,000 light years away from our planet Earth. 
Messier 18
As a prominent Open Cluster, Messier 18 is termed as NGC 6613 in 1764 by Charles Messier. Messier 18 is considered a 32-year-old open star cluster, which appears in the Sagittarius Constellation with 7.5 magnitude. Messier 18 is located approx 4900 light years away from our Earth 
Messier 17 (The Omega Nebula)
As one of the youngest Star Cluster - Messier 17 is also known as The Omega Nebula or The Swan Nebula. In 1745, well-known Swiss astronomer - Jean-Philippe Loys De Cheseaux discovered Messier 17 in the Sagittarius Constellation. The approximate distance between Messier 17 and the Earth is 5,500 light-years. The Omega Nebula or Messier 17 appears with a visual magnitude range -6. The presence of Oxygen in the Omega Nebula makes it with Green wavelengths, and the presence of hydrogen makes Messier 17 tinted celestial figure with Red highlights.
Messier 20 (The Trifid Nebula)
In 1764, Charles Messier discovered The Trifid Nebula or Messier 20. The layers of dust represent a band-like triple wings around the Messier 20 in Sagittarius Constellation.
Major Stars in Sagittarius Constellation:
Delta Sagittarii
The orange-tinted giant star Delta Sagittarii appears with a 2.70 visual magnitude in the Sagittarius Constellation. Delta Sagittarii belongs to the steller star classification - K3III. The estimated age of Delta Sagittarii is 260 million years. Delta Sagittarii is known for its binary star system, which accommodates classified K giant stars and white dwarfs. 
Epsilon Sagittarii
Having a prominent binary star system, Epsilon Sagittarii appears with blue-white Sagittarii A and Sagittarii B. Epsilon Sagittarii belongs to Steller Star classification B9.5 III. The surface temperature of Epsilon Sagittarii is 9,960 Kelvin.
Zeta Sagittarii
The 3rd brightest star in the Sagittarius Constellation - Zeta Sagittarii, has a triple star system. The whole celestial space in Zeta Sagittarii accommodates Zeta Sagittarii A, Zeta Sagittarii B, and a hydrogen-infused dwarf.
Phi Sagittarii
Phi Sagittarii is such a giant star, which appears with a visual magnitude of 3.17. It is considered a prominent star due to its interferometric binary system.
Lambada Sagittarii
Lambada Sagittarii, or Kaus Borealis, is considered an Orange giant star in the Sagittarius Constellation. Kaus Borealis, or Lambada Sagittarii, is approximately 78.2 light years away from the Earth. Lambada Sagittarii is a prominent major star, forming the celestial bow of the Archer figure in the Sagittarius Constellation.
Gamma -2 Sagittarii
Gamma -2 Sagittarii accommodates two bright hypergiant stars - Y1 Sagittarii and Y2 Sagittarii. The surface temperature of Gamma Sagittarii is 5,778 Kelvin. The K-type giant star - Gamma -2 Sagittarii appears with an Orange hue in the Sagittarius Constellation.
Sigma Sagittarii
The hot blue-white color of Sigma Sagittarii makes it a main sequence star in the Sagittarius Constellation. It is located approximately 228.3 light years away from the Earth. 
Tau Sagittarii
The visual magnitude range - 3.32 makes Tau Sagittarii a bright star in the Southern Constellation of Zodiac member - Sagittarius. The color of Tau Sagittarii changes from Orange to Red, and it lies approximately 121.61 lightyears away from the Earth. 

How To Find Sagittarius Constellation:
The astronomers claim that the easiest way to find the Sagittarius Constellation is to find the celestial Archer figure, which holds a bow and arrow in the night sky. August or September is the best time to enjoy the prominent views of the Sagittarius Constellation in the night sky. Another interesting fact about the Sagittarius Constellation is that the brightest stars of this zodiac constellation create an exquisite shape like a Teapot.

What Does Sagittarius Constellation Represent in Astrology?
As the Centaur Chiron, who holds a bow and arrow, represents the Sagittarius Constellation, the native of this zodiac constellation can face any physical or mental challenges. The celestial figure of Sagittarius Constellation manifests contagious energy in the natives, who are born as Sagittarius in the world. The dynamic energy of Archer always drives Sagittarius individuals.

The entire discussion has explained the significant information about the Sagittarius Constellation, as you can get details about the meticulous deep-sky objects in the Sagittarius constellation.