Scorpio is one of the prominent and 8th constellations among 12 zodiac constellations. The Scorpio zodiac constellation rules the period from 24th October to 21st November. Scorpius constellation is such a distinctive collection of stars and deep-space objects, which all have created a belt-patterned area in the night sky. The most significant fact about the Scorpius Constellation is that the Moon, Sun, and planets pass through the belt-shaped area, which looks like a Scorpio in the night sky.
Significant Facts About Scorpio Constellation:
The intertwined facts of Greek Mythology represent two major characters - Orian and Scorpius. Orion vowed to kill each animal on the Earth. Artemis (who is a prominent Goddess-hunter) and Leto(Mother of Artemis) sent a Scorpion to end the Orion, and at the end of the battle, the Scorpion achieved victory, and the God Zeus kept the Scorpion in heaven as the Star. According to astrology, this Star is considered a Scorpio Constellation.
Open Star Clusters:
In July month, Messier 6 is observed clearly in the Scorpio Constellation. Messier six is called M6 or NGC 6405 in the Scorpius Constellation. For having the similarity to a butterfly, M6 is also termed a Butterfly Cluster. In 1654, the renowned astronomer in Italy, Giovanni Batista Hodierna, declared the existence of Messier 6 open star cluster in the Scorpio Constellation. M6 or Butterfly Cluster appears in the night sky with an apparent magnitude range - 4.2. The approximate distance between the Sun and Messier 6 is 1600 light years away. In Messier 6, the bright, hot, blue stars belong to class -B. But the brightest celestial object in Messier 6 is an Orange giant star - BM Scorpii, which belongs to the class -K.
Messier 7 is another prominent open star cluster in Scorpius Constellation. Messier Seven is also termed the Ptolemy Cluster, as the well-known Greek astronomer - Ptolemy first discovered this celestial collection of stars in 130 AD. As Messier 7 or M7 is located in the stinger of Scorpio, astronomers can easily find this open star cluster in the Scorpio Constellation. Messier seven appears in the Scorpius Constellation with a 3.3 visual magnitude. M7, or Ptolemy Cluster, is approximately 980 light years from our solar system with 80 bright stars. The estimated age of the Ptolemy Cluster is 200 million years.
Northern Jewel Box Cluster is one of the prominent Open Star clusters in the Scorpio constellation. With 2.6 apparent magnitude, the Northern Jewel Box Cluster appears in the Scorpio Constellation as a 3.2 million years old celestial deep sky object.
In 1781, Charles Messier introduced the facts about Messier 80, a prominent Globular Cluster in Scorpio Constellation. M80 is one of our galaxy's most populated star clusters, accommodating 100 to thousands of stars.
Cat's Paw Nebula or Bear Claw Nebula:
In the Scorpius Constellation, the Cat's Paw Nebula is a distinct type of emission Nebula, which is considered one of the most productive Steller nurseries, which contains ten thousand massive stars. In 1837, an English astronomer discovered Cat's Paw Nebula, which is 5500 light years away from the Earth. Cat's Paw Nebula is also known as NGC 6334.
Butterfly Nebula or Bug Nebula:
A Butterfly Nebula is one type of bipolar planetary Nebula, which appears with a 7.1 apparent magnitude in the Scorpio Constellation. The position of its central Star - a white Dwarf turns the structure of the Butterfly Nebula complex. With 200000 Kelvin temperature, Butterfly Nebula or NGC 6302 is considered one of the hottest celestial figures in the galaxy. With a condensed equatorial dust disk and gas, the Bug Nebula contains 0.64 solar masses.
Lobster Nebula is also called NGC 6357, which contains protostars and young stars. The Lobster Nebula in the Scorpio Constellation contains a prominent and luminous Open Star Cluster - Pismis 24, which contains 300 solar masses.
The infrared visibility of the Lobster Nebula represents the Western part of it as a Dove, and its Eastern Part looks like a skull. So, Lobster Nebula is also known as War and Peace Nebula.
Major Stars in Scorpio Constellation:
The brightness level makes Antares one of the prominent stars in Scorpius Constellation. As a Supergiant Red star, Antares or Alpha Scorpii appears in the sky with 0.96 approx visual magnitude. Antares is almost 550 lightyears away from our Sun. Alpha Scorpii is considered a 12 million years old massive star, 10,000 times more luminous than the Sun.
Shaula (Lambda Scorpii):
In the Scorpius Constellation, Shaula appears as 2nd brightest Star and has a multi-layered star system. The entire star system of Shaula contains triple visible celestial elements - Lambada Scorpii - A, Lambada Scorpii - B, and Lambada Scorpii - C.
Acrab or Beta Scorpii:
Another prominent star - Beta Scorpii, appears as a binary star in the Scorpius Constellation. The dual celestial elements of Acrab are divided by 13.5 seconds of arch. In the entire star system of Acrab, the dual massive celestial element appears as the primary sequence star, and each belongs to spectral class - B.
Dschubba or Delta Scorpii:
The celestial figure of Delta Scorpii symbolizes the forehead of Scorpio. Delta Scorpii appears to be approximately 444 lightyears away from our solar system. As Dschubba appears with a 2.307 visual magnitude, it is considered a prominent star in the Scorpio Constellation.
Sargas or Theta Scorpii:
The yellow Star, Theta Scorpii, belongs to the aesthetic spectral class F0 II. Approx. 1.87 magnitude range makes Theta Scorpii one of the prominent stars in the Scorpio Constellation. Sargas appears approximately 300 light years away from the Sun.
Larawag or Epsilon Scorpii:
With 13 times more radius than the Sun, Epsilon Scorpii appears with a visual magnitude range - 2.310 in the Scorpio constellation. This prominent Star is approximately 63.7 light years away from the Sun.
Girtab or Kappa Scorpii:
As a spectroscopic star - Kappa Scorpii contains a prominent binary star system. Kappa Scorpii is 17 times more massive in size than the Sun.
Fang or Pi Scorpii:
With a triple-element system, Pi Scorpii appears with a 2.9 visual magnitude. This Star is 590 lightyears away from the Sun. Pi Scorpii is almost 21,900 times more luminous than the Sun.
Jabbah or Nu Scorpii:
Having multiple celestial elements in the Scorpius constellation, Nu Scorpii appears almost 437 light years away from our Earth.
In the Scorpius Constellation, Xi Scorpii appears with five sub-giant stars divided into two groups. The dual group of stars are divided by 4.67 arc minutes.
Other prominent stars in Scorpio Constellation are Lota Scorpii, Alniyat or Sigma Scorpii, Paikauhale or Tau Scorpii, U Scorpii, Lesath or Upsilon Scorpii, Jabhat Al Akrab or Omega Scorpii., G Scorpii, Eta Scorpii, Ikli or Rho Scorpii, Zeta Scorpii.
How To Find Scorpio Constellation Easily?
The distinct shape and sparkling features of Scorpio ease finding the Scorpio Constellation.
Scorpio Constellation's curvy S-patterned celestial figure makes it visible to the viewers in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres.
What Does Scorpio Constellation Represent in Astrology?
The people who were born in the period between 24th October to 22nd come under Scorpio Constellation. The people who belong to the Scorpio Constellation have specific zodiac principle that defines their characteristics. The bold energy of Scorpio's mission is manifested in the traits of Scorpio people. So, most Scorpio individuals have a keen interest in confronting the obstacles in life. They often become able to drive their lives beyond their materialistic desires. So, a Scorpio soul always makes the best efforts to transform the dark facts of life into aesthetic aspects.
The discussed points represent the exclusive facts of Scorpio Constellation with its celestial bodies. In evolved Astro Science, all these facts play pivotal roles in defining the traits of Scorpio's personality.