In the Northern Hemisphere, the 12th zodiac constellation - Pisces, lies between +90 degrees to -65 degrees latitudes. In the 2nd century, the well-known Greek astronomer - Ptolemy- discovered the Pisces constellation, represented by a combined celestial figure of two fishes intertwined with a ribbon.
The neighbor constellations of Pisces are Aries, Aquarius, Andromeda, Pegasus, Traingulam, and Cetus.
In the Northern Hemisphere, Pisces appears in the 1st quadrant, covering almost 889 square degrees in the night sky. The astronomers recognized Pisces as a prominent group of stars among 15 equatorial constellations.
The spirit animal of Pisces Constellation is the fish. So, the celestial figure of fish represents the Pisces Constellation.
Pisces is a well-recognized constellation in the celestial equator of the Northern Hemisphere, which is transited by the Sun from 20th February to 20th March every year.
Several mythical gods are associated with the origin of the Pisces zodiacal constellation, such as - Typhon, Eros, Aphrodite, Poseidon, and Vishnu, as well as one Sumerian Goddess - Inanna.
Aries Constellation surrounds the Pisces constellation from the East and Aquarius from the West.
Significant Facts About Pisces Constellation:
The Babylonian mythology portrays the storyline of a couple of fishes, which symbolizes the Pisces Constellation.
According to divine myth, the deity of love and beauty - Aphrodite, was wandering in the river with her son - Eros. Suddenly, the fire-breathing monster - Typhon attacked them. While Aphrodite assumed the danger, she urged the God Zeus to save them. Zeus transformed the Goddess Aphrodite and her son into a pair of fish so they could take shelter in the river's depths. Thus, Goddess Aphrodite, her son Eros, descended into the water of the Euphrates River to manage the escape from the dreadful monster - Typhon.
Deep Sky Objects:
● Messier 74, or NGC 628, is a group of galaxies in the Pisces Constellation. The well-known French astronomer - Pierre Mechain first recognized Messier 74 in the Pisces Constellation. In 2002, supernova - SN2002ap and 2003 SN2003gd was discovered in the Messier 74.
● In 2005, in March, the emission of a powerful X-ray in the Pisces Constellation proved the existence of an ultraluminous X-ray source in this zodiacal constellation. As the emitted X-ray every two hours was more potent than any neutron star, it is believed that there was a black hole, which contained a vast amount of mass like 10,000 Sun.
● In Messier 74, CL0024 +1654 is considered a prominent galaxy cluster, accommodating both elliptical spiral yellow galaxies. This giant galaxy cluster lies approximately 3.6 billion lightyears away from the Earth.
● NGC 7541 is another spiral galaxy that lies approximately 103.7 million lightyears from Earth in 1785. William Herschel discovered NGC 7541 in August.
● With a 13.9 apparent magnitude range, NGC 7537 appears as one of the prominent galaxies in the Pisces Constellation.
● As a dual radio galaxy - 3C 31 lies almost 209 million light years away from the Earth. 3C 31 is a prominent galaxy that contains rich radio sources. So, astronomers declared 3C 31 as an active galaxy, which has a supermassive black hole in the core point of it.
● CGCG 436-030 or PGC 4798 is another spiral galaxy in Pisces Constellation. With 14.9 apparent magnitude, this galaxy lies approximately 400 million years away from the Earth.
● Arp 284 is a combined deep-sky object in the Pisces Constellation. Two galaxies - NGC 7714 and NGC 7715 interact with each other and form Arp 284. In 1830 September, the English astronomer - John Herschel discovered Arp 284.
● The most distinctive celestial element in the Pisces Constellation is the Circlet, a ring-shaped cosmic pattern by seven stars. Moreover, Alrescha is considered a prominent star in the Pisces constellation as it symbolizes the knot, which bounds two fishes.
Major Stars in Pisces Constellation:
In Pisces Constellation, Eta Piscium is the brightest yellow giant star, located approximately 350 light years from Earth. The Spectral classification G7 IIIa makes this star prominent in the Pisces constellation. Being a 220 million-year-old star, Eta Piscium appears 457 times more luminous than the Sun.
The yellow giant star - Gamma Piscium, belongs to the Steller classification - G9III. As the 2nd brightest star in the Pisces constellation, Gamma Piscium lies 138 light years away from the Earth. Gamma Piscium is almost 5.5 billion years old. Gamma Piscium is a prominent member of the asterism, recognized as the Circlet in Pisces Constellation.
The white-yellow star in the Pisces Constellation is Omega Piscium, which belongs to the F4IV classification. With 4.036 magnitude, Omega Piscium lies approximately 106 lightyears away from the Earth.
The yellow-white dwarf - Lota Piscium belongs to the Steller classification - F7 V. With an apparent magnitude range of 4.13, Lota Piscium appears 44.73 light years away from the Earth.
The yellow star - Omicron Piscium belongs to the Steller classification - G8III. The apparent magnitude range of 4.26 makes Omicron Piscium prominent in the Pisces Constellation. Omicron Piscium lies 142 light years away from the Earth.
As a binary star - Alpha Piscium belongs to the A0P spectral class and appears with 5.23 magnitude in the Pisces Constellation. Alpha Piscium lies 139 light years away from the solar system.
Astrological Significance of Pisces Constellation
The people born under the zodiacal constellation - Pisces have a generous tendency to help others. The influence of the mythological Goddess - Aphrodite makes Pisces individuals unselfish. Pisces natives often make their world based on personal intuitions instead of rationality.
The entire discussion explains the mythological connections of the Pisces Constellation. The relevant information on the deep-sky objects in the Pisces Constellation serves as in-depth knowledge about the zodiacal traits of Pisces individuals.