Know About Purnima
You must be wondering what the meaning & significance of Purnima is? Why is it given more importance in Vedic astrology?
Purnima is known to be the day of the full moon.
A Thithi is a relationship between the sun and the moon. For every 12 degrees, the moon moves away or towards the sun it constitutes a Thithi. In a lunar month, there are two sets of Thithis, one starting from Amavasya till the Chatudashi or Purnima. As the moon slowly starts moving away from the sun, it is said to create a new Thithi. Every 12 degrees move causes a change in the Thithi. When the sun is diagonally opposite the moon the moon is visible on the earth in full which is known as the Purnima. So, from Amavasya, we see the waxing or the rising of the moon which constitutes the days of the Shukla Paksha, and the other half after Purnima we see the waning of the moon which is the Krishna Paksha.
Purnima refers to the night of the full moon. It takes the moon a few days to come to its full shape. And every month, a day falls when the moon comes to its full shape. And that night is said as the night of full moon & Purnima.
According to Hindu Culture & Vedic astrology, Purnima is the most auspicious occasion or day. And they believe that the night of the full moon or Purnima marks a positive note.
Many people practice fast on the night of Purnima & pray to god for bringing good fortune & positiveness into their lives. Some people also say that fasting in full moonlight uplifts their mind & body spiritually on a positive note. Additionally, there are other benefits associated with it as well.
Apart from this, the day of Purnima is considered the most auspicious muhurat to initiate anything new or any new ventures.
This first day or Ekam - we see a small portion of the moon, a little more on Dwitiya, and so on. This continues as an eternal cycle for years and years. A Thithi is ruled by several parameters. These parameters just like those of the Nakshatras define the Thithi, give the identity of a person, and as a Thithi is a relationship between the sun and the moon, it also defines the relationship quotient around him.
Hindu astrology has given great importance to the Purnima. When we talk about Purnima, the deity that rules the day is the moon. The element associated with Purnima is water. For Purnima the planet is Saturn. Among the 5 divisions, Purnima falls in the Purna category.
What Is Purnima?
Purnima in Hindu Astrology refers to the full moon night. The night on which the full moon is illuminated or the moon takes its full shape. Purnima generally falls on the Shukla Paksha or tithi. Therefore, it is said as the channel of division between the Shukla Paksha & Krushna Paksha.
Each month a Purnima falls, and there are 12 Purnima in a year. And each Purnima has its essence. Each of these Purnima influences your life in its way.
In Hindu Culture, Purnima holds an important place. People in Hinduism believe that this is the holiest & spiritual day to worship the almighty by practicing fast. And that's what people do.
Meaning on the day of Purnima, most people practise fasting. They dedicate the entire day of full moon night to the supreme power and pray for their well-being & their entire family.
Significance of Purnima vrat
Purnima Vrat refers to the fast people practice on the day of full moon night or Purnima. This fasting on the full moon night is called tye Purnima Vrat in the Hindu Culture.
Rituals of Purnima Vrat
The rituals of Purnima Vrat start early in the morning. Therefore, all those who practice fast or practice Vrat at the top of anything wake up early. The vrat starts early in the morning and ends late at night. After waking up, the followers take a bath to prepare themselves for spiritual practices.
As the vrat is all about fasting & being dedicated to the worship of the almighty, those who practice the Purnima vrat don't eat or drink anything. The fast ends late at night. But from the early morning till the late night, one is not allowed to eat or drink anything if one does the Purnima vrat.
However, you can also observe the Purnima vrat by practicing partial fasting if you can not practice complete fasting. In practical fasting, you are allowed to eat only one meal in a day & completely devote yourself to god. But remember, the one meal you take must be devoid of pulses & salt.
You can either take the meal at lunch or breakfast, but you can't take the meal at night in the Purnima vrat.
Then, once the moon gets eliminated, the devotees perform the puja by offering prayer to the full moon. While performing puja, the devotees remember their favourite god, take their take & make the puja. After the puja is done, the devotees can break their Purnima Vrat. But on the night of Purnima, they are only allowed to take fruits & break the vrat.
Importance of Purnima
The spiritual aspects in life, the karma aspects of life can be improved to a great extent if one wishes to. On the day of the Purnima, the magnetic pull of the moon is 100 percent. Due to this, the waves in the sea also rise. So similarly in humans who have the Panchatattva, out of which 70 percent represents water, we also have a pull towards the moon. The earth gives both energies both good and bad. So it depends on the day in a lunar month to determine an auspicious time.
Many people prefer to fast on this day. It is said that any innate emotion that you have gets magnified on this day. If you are a happy person the happiness gets magnified, and if you are prone to get angry the anger gets magnified.The auspicious days falling on Purnima
● Chaitra Purnima is celebrated as Hanuman Jayanti.
● Baisakh Purnima is celebrated as Buddha Jayanti.
● Jyesth Purnima is celebrated as Vat Savitri.
● Ashad Purnima is celebrated as Guru Purnima.
● Shravan Purnima is celebrated as Raksha Bandhan.
● Bhadrapad Purnima is celebrated as Uma Maheshwari Vrat day.
● Ashwin Purnima is celebrated as Sharad Purnima.
● Kartik Purnima is celebrated as the Puhskar Mela / fair and Guru Nanak Jayanti.
● Margsheersh Purnima is celebrated as Dattatreya Jayanti.
● Paush Purnima is celebrated as Shankbhari Jayanti or the day to bathe in Triveni Sangam is given special importance.
● Magh Purnima is celebrated as Ravidas Jayanti.
● Falgun Purnima is celebrated as Holi.
Our emotions do get affected by the moon and its power. From an astrological point of view, the moon governs our fourth house, and our thoughts, feelings, mother, nourishment, and emotions are determined by the moon. The sun’s rays fall on the moon and the moon reflects this depending on the Thithi. It is 100 percent visible to us on the day of Purnima. On this day the moon is in full power hence reflects all the rays of the sun. This represents Atma (soul). How we act is determined by the sun and how we feel is determined by the moon. So, the union is seen in full on Purnima. So any feeling gets magnified on this day. This is scientifically proven that the moon impacts our body significantly. Our neuron cells get activated on this day, hence we tend to connect more with our emotional aspects on this day. It is observed that this happens on every Purnima. Our future also gets determined based on this. So we must devote this time to prayer or meditation. It is believed that weak minds get adversely affected because of the impact of the moon. This takes a wrong toll on the mentally unstable ones. It is advised for such people to follow a fast.
The Satyanarayan Vrat and Katha are best done on this day.This day is known to be best for meditation. This gives us the chance to retrospect and know our strengths and weaknesses. The law of nature is that if you want to be about a change in your life. You will be able to best analyze it on the day of Purnima. The root causes of problems are easily meditated upon on this day. It is advised to refrain from alcohol and any intoxicating drinks on this day.
Frequently Asked Questions
As per Vedic astrology & Hindu culture, Purnima is said as the most spiritual night of the entire month. There are 12 Purnimas in a year, and each of the Purnima is an auspicious day to offer prayer to the supreme power to attain solace.
Every Month the Purnima falls. Purnima falls on the Shukla Paksha with the day on which the moon illuminates in its complete shape. Therefore, the day the moon attains its full shape is celebrated as the day of Purnima.
Purnima is believed to be one of the most significant occasions in the Hindu culture. Therefore, people practice fat on the occasion of Purnima. And that fasting is known as the Purnima vrat.