Sankranti Dates 2021
The twelve months in the Gregorian calendar are followed by us. Although this is widely followed, we need to look at solar and lunar months. Now Astrology takes into account so much information from astronomy to conclude. The basis of the Hindu calendar is the movement of the Sun and the Moon. READ MORE
Sankranti Dates 2021Current Location : Delhi, India
Latitude/Longitude : 28:39N, 77:13E
|Pongal, Makar Sankranti|
|Solar New Year, Mesha Sankranti|
|Kanya Sankranti, Vishwakarma Puja|
We should know the importance of Sankranti and the dates it falls on every month.
In Astronomy, We can know the position of every planet at any point in time. The same holds good for the sun as well. The distance traveled by every planet is calculated in degrees. Sankranti is named after the zodiac sign it enters at 0 degrees after completing the 30 degrees of the previous month.
Sankranti can also be named after the lunar month. The Solar year is the period the sun takes to complete its transition through all the zodiacs. Comparatively the Moon moves faster. It completes 360 degrees of all the zodiacs in one month. So the moon waxes for 15 days (Shukla Paksha) and wanes for 15 days (Krishna Paksha). The western calendar has dates whereas the Hindu calendar looks at it as Thithis.
Significance of Sankranti
One of the major aspects of Sankranti is that the 12 zodiacs are 30 degrees each. So, according to the Hindu calendar in the year there are 12 Sankrant days. These days are dedicated to The Sun God. It is considered a good day to make donations and charity, but not considered auspicious for important activities.
For Farmers, this day becomes very important as this is the day of the harvest. This day is called and celebrated with different names in different states.
Devotees visit temples on the 12 Sankranti dates to seek the blessings of the Lord for their families.
Offering Punya to the pundits and the needy is considered good on this day. Donation of food, clothes, and money is considered good on this day.
Uttarayan & Dakshinayan
The uttarayan and the dakshinayan are two time periods. The Uttarayan is nothing but the movement to the north. It is said Bhishma Dev had chosen The start of the uttarayan to leave his body. He had the boon of euthanasia and chose this day to give up his body. We can see the movement of the sun and see the position and calculate the place of the Sun keeps changing. The ecliptic that the sun follows where it reaches the northern point is the uttarayan. Astrologically it is said that any auspicious activity is done only in uttarayan.
Events like marriage are fixed only after the beginning of uttarayan.
Makar Sankranti 2021
Makar Sankranti is one of the festivals celebrated widely across India by all Hindus with great joy. It is one of the most ancient festivals celebrated for more than 2000 years. Scientifically, spring arrives and the day marks the beginning of longer days. This day marks the end of winter and the beginning of a new season. This day signifies the transit of the Sun.
Makar Sankranti ‘Snan’ or bath is done in holy rivers like the Ganges.
The sun changes its direction from this day in the month of January and hence with this change the direction of the wind also changes.
For many parts of India, it is celebrated as a harvest festival. The new crop is harvest, and the first harvest is collected at the end of winter. The crops are decorated and worshipped before being cooked to pay respect to the fruits given to us by mother Earth. This crop is used to cook tasty dishes for the festival. During the festival, people fly kites, make sweets, wear new clothes and decorate their homes with rangoli, and flowers.
As said, different parts of India celebrate the festival differently and call it various names.
• Magh Bihu in Assam
• Maghi and Lohri in Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh
• Sukarat in central India
• Pongal in Tamil Nadu
• Uttarayan in Gujarat, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh
• Ghughuti or Push Sankranti in Uttarakhand
• Makara Sankranti in Karnataka, Odisha, Maharashtra, West Bengal, and Goa
• Shishur Sankrat in Kashmir
• Maghe Sankrat in Nepal
• Songkran in Thailand
• Thingyan in Myanmar
• Mohan Songkran in Cambodia
Pongal is a rice dish which is served in South India and on this day. It is said that it is made out of the fresh harvest. The Pongal meal is prepared by the first harvest as well. This is to pay respect to the Sun God for the harvest. Pongal means prosperity.
A pot of rice is kept on a flame and decorated. Once the pot overflows it is considered a celebration. The pot is decorated with sugarcanes around it. This is considered auspicious.
A 5-day long affair is celebrated in South India. People clean their homes, keep flowers outside their houses. Houses are decorated with decorations.
Women wake up early and get dressed in new clothes and jewelry. A 9-yard saree is worn by women of the house.
• Bhogi Pongal – to pray to Lord Indra
• Tai Pongal – to pray to the Sun God, clean their houses, decorate the houses with rangoli made out of rice flour and vermillion. This is said to be auspicious.
• Matt Pongal – to pray to the cows
• Kannum Pongal – sisters pray for the well-being of the brother’s life.
Different types of Pongal are prepared – Ven Pongal, Sacre / Chakkarre Pongal, Melagu Pongal, Puli Pongal etc.
Sacre Pongal is boiled in milk and when the milk overflows and pours out, a conch is blown and the family celebrates by saying ‘Pongal O Pongal’
A sumptuous meal is prepared and served to family and friends.
The Lohri bonfire is lit to celebrate a new harvest. Peanuts, sesame sweets, flowers, butter, and other items of pooja are offered to the fire. Farmers see this day as a new financial year for them and mark it as their new year.
Uttarayan in Gujarat, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh
Flying kites is a tradition that scientifically exposes the body to the sun for long hours. This is to get the body adjusted to the Sun after the long winter. The initial rays of the sun are rich in Vitamin D, and this helps to adapt to the heat of summer.
Maghi or Maghi Parva or Maghi Sankranti 2021
Maghi is celebrated by preparing rice in sugarcane juice, served with curd and red chili
In northern India, brothers gift their sisters warm clothing.
In southern India, people give away a special mixture of sesame seeds and Jaggery. Some also gift books, which is a means to spread knowledge.
In most states, almost all rituals are similar. This signifies unity in the diversity of India. When is Makar Sankranti celebrated?
The festival is celebrated on January 14th or January 15th depending on the position of the sun. This is the transition of the sun in the Capricon Zodiac sign. From the scientific point of view from this day on the days become longer and the nights become shorter.
At this time, the Kumbh Mela has great significance in the Hindu religion. It is believed that taking a holy dip at this time will wash away all sins and remove obstacles.
The Surya Namaskar is a set of 12 steps to bow to the sun.
Charity forms an important part of this festival. It is said in the Puranas that donating sesame seeds and eating them on Makar Sankranti fulfills all wishes and brings happiness. The sun represents the highest energy that comes to the house of the son which is Lord Shani.
Wheat and rice are usually given. The festival denotes peace, harmony, and respect for others.
Why Is Makar Sankranti celebrated?
We all know about Makar Sankranti and why it is celebrated. When the Sun enters the Makar Zodiac is the beginning of Uttarayan. Hence we celebrate the Makar Sankranti festival grandly. It is important to teach the next generation the importance of this festival and our culture.
We are pulled from one phase to another on this day. Our relationship with the Sun which is the source of our life on this planet changes at this time. Every living being depends on the sun. It is the basis of our existence. We should never fear the summer heat. We can make a greener tomorrow to welcome the Sun. We are all Suryavanshis, which means the Sun stands for knowledge, spiritual light, and wisdom. This signals that we should turn away from darkness into light, and begin a new life.
According to the Puranas, on this day the Sun God is supposed to pay a visit to the house of the Sun which is Shani, the ruler of Capricon (Makar)
According to the Matsya Purana, this day is the beginning of a new day in the life of the demi-Gods of the Devtas. That is why it is known as a day of welfare.
According to the Srimad Bhagavatham, Ganga came to the Ashram of Muni Kapil behind Bagirath and had relieved all the forefathers of their sons. That is why this day is also known as the day to destroy sins.
According to the Devi Bhagvat for the betterment of the world Lord Shiva had given Lord Vishnu enlightenment about the spirit. Hence it is an important day for knowledge as well.
This is a unifying festival as it is celebrated all with a variety of traditions followed in different states to mark this day. This day is a new start. All auspicious activities and rituals can commence with the beginning of Uttarayan.